Our duties focus on protecting the public by ensuring that robust risk assessment and risk management practices are in place to reduce the risk of serious harm posed by violent and sexual offenders.
The Risk Management Authority (RMA) is a Non Departmental Public Body established in 2005 by the Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2003; and sponsored by the Scottish Government Community Justice Division.
Our purpose is to make Scotland safer by setting the standard for risk practice to reduce reoffending and the harm that it causes.
This involves working with partners to promote good practice and enhance risk assessment and risk management throughout Scotland.
We carry out our functions to promote effective practice through working closely with partners across the criminal justice system in Scotland; drawing evidence from national and international research and development programmes to advance a shared framework approach.
Our duties include a specific responsibility to administer and oversee the standard setting, accreditation and approval processes that support the Order for Lifelong Restriction (OLR).
The RMA also aims to facilitate the development of consistent, comprehensive identification and assessment of the many risks that offenders can present to the public, as well as seek to support those bodies responsible for the management of offenders in both custody and the community. A key aspect of this work is to provide access to well-considered, effective standards and guidelines that guide practitioners in the preparation and implementation of management plans. These being plans that are tailored to the needs and characteristics of each offender. Effective management, rehabilitation and supervision not only reduce the level of risk, but also give offenders the best chance of returning to the community and leading crimefree lives thereafter.
We provide independent practical advice and highlight the value of quality assurance and implementation integrity to effective and ethical risk practice; this touches on our support to the application of the LS/CMI in Scotland (the Level of Service/ Case Management Inventory (LS/CMI) is a comprehensive general offending risk/ need assessment and case management planning method. This approach is used in Scotland to aid decisions on the level and focus of intervention with people (aged 16+).
Learning and development is a prominent element of RMA activity, responding to needs identified by partners to enhance confidence and competence in risk assessment and risk management. Notable success in this area is delivery of The Fundamentals of Risk Practice training – the RMA developed this demanding programme for criminal justice social workers, Police Scotland staff and MAPPA Chairs to provide a grounding in the principles and process that should be evident when assessing and managing risk of serious harm.
A further area in which we take a lead role is the application of risk assessment tools and research into their use – a key feature of this work is the RMA’s Risk Assessment Tools Evaluation Directory (RATED). It provides relevant background information on each instrument included in the directory and highlights the strengths and limitations that the assessor should take into account when applying a tool as part of a holistic risk assessment process.
The RMA’s approach ensures that our decisions are defensible and our processes are administered with integrity.
The RMA is proud to be a Living Wage employer
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